Quicksum

Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 11599 Accepted: 7972

Description

A checksum is an algorithm that scans a packet of data and returns a single number. The idea is that if the packet is changed, the checksum will also change, so checksums are often used for detecting transmission errors, validating document contents, and in many other situations where it is necessary to detect undesirable changes in data.

For this problem, you will implement a checksum algorithm called Quicksum. A Quicksum packet allows only uppercase letters and spaces. It always begins and ends with an uppercase letter. Otherwise, spaces and letters can occur in any combination, including consecutive spaces.

A Quicksum is the sum of the products of each character’s position in the packet times the character’s value. A space has a value of zero, while letters have a value equal to their position in the alphabet. So, A=1, B=2, etc., through Z=26. Here are example Quicksum calculations for the packets “ACM” and “MID CENTRAL“:

        ACM: 1*1  + 2*3 + 3*13 = 46

MID CENTRAL: 1*13 + 2*9 + 3*4 + 4*0 + 5*3 + 6*5 + 7*14 + 8*20 + 9*18 + 10*1 + 11*12 = 650

Input

The input consists of one or more packets followed by a line containing only # that signals the end of the input. Each packet is on a line by itself, does not begin or end with a space, and contains from 1 to 255 characters.

Output

For each packet, output its Quicksum on a separate line in the output.

Sample Input

ACM
MID CENTRAL
REGIONAL PROGRAMMING CONTEST
ACN
A C M
ABC
BBC
#

Sample Output

46
650
4690
49
75
14
15
解:
这道题挺简单的,主要是字符串的输入的时候带空格,可以使用cin.getline()函数,分配字符串长度的时候尽量大一点。然后用(字母 – ‘A’ + 1)这个方法来解决26个字母对应到数字的问题。
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
	int sum;
	char c[1000];
	while (cin.getline(c,1000)) {
		if (c[0] == '#') {
			return 0;
		}
		sum = 0;
		for (int i = 0; c[i] != NULL; i++) {
			if (c[i] != ' ') {
				sum += (c[i] - 'A' + 1) * (i + 1);
			} 
		}
		cout<<sum<<endl;
	}
	return 0;
}
Result Memory Time Language Code Length
Accepted 236K 0MS C++ 342B

 

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